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Migration birds of prey from Lublin region

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Birds of prey have always occupied a special place in the hearts of Lublin ornithologists. In fact, since the dawn Lublin Ornithology Society, with varying intensity, has conducted the observations and researches on the biology and ecology of the birds group, among others: in the Lasy Parczewskie forests, Lasy Sobiborskie Forests, Kazimierz Landscape Park, Lasy Strzeleckie Forests, Mircze (small forests in the south-east of Lublin region - see lesser spotted eagle migration map). For some of these places, after many years of absence, researchers return, often supported by a new generation of ornithologists.

For over 25 years the annual monitoring of "zonal protection species" has been carried out, including about 400 positions of nesting birds of prey, eagle owls and black stork, being within the protected zone.

In 2012, the study of birds of prey in the Lublin region entered a new era. Thanks to advanced electronics we can cross next boundaries, which seemed to be impossible till a short time ago. Aided by so-called GPS-GSM loggers we keep trying to discover the secret of lesser spotted eagles (Aquila pomarina) and snake eagles (Circaetus gallicus) nesting in the Lublin region.

Loggers GPS-GSM - these small, because weighing just 30 g electronics, register actual geographical position using the GPS satellite system and send the collected data using the classic technology used in GSM mobile phone. Transmitters have been installed by using specialized harness with Teflon tape, which provides bird safety and freedom of movement. Using the application much greater information can be achieved (even one geographical position reading per 30 minutes) in comparision to the standard ringing with ornithological rings. Embedded solar panel additionally extends the device life for several years, which allows to follow not only migration, but also what is equally important and interesting, this method provides invaluable information on the birds breeding areas. This way enables to determine preying areas essential for the birds protection. This is particularly important for snake eagles which territories are assumed to be very large and the knowledge on their feeding ground is insufficient. Many positions of the aforementioned species which we plan to carry out our researches about, are located in or nearby the special bird protection areas Natura 2000. The acquired knowledge helps to determine the habitat preferences of these birds and to plan the possible protective actions at the feeding grounds what besides the applied zonal protection is one of the key ways to protect this group of birds. Not to be underestimated are also data on the migration of the birds, especially the short-toed eagle being the first representative of the species in Central and Eastern Europe that has been equipped with a transmitter.

In 2012, one short-toed eagle was labeled in this way and then 3 lesser spotted eagles, the fate of which are presented on the pages of our website.

We invite you to keep track of their migration.

The study and the protection of birds of prey in the Lublin region in 2011-2012 are supported by the "Building the Future" Cemex Foundation.


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